The main concern of gardeners in September is planting bulbs. In the first half of September, they plant small-bulb: Muscari, bluebills, poultry farmers, crocuses, Pushkins. It is best planted in a drained, rich in nutrients, dug to a depth of 20-30 cm. The soil needs to be prepared in advance (1-2 weeks), making 5-10 kg. compost, phosphorus and potash fertilizers, ash. The distance between the bulbs should be about 10 cm, the depth of planting is about 8-10. You should not plant the bulbs closer to each other, because after two, at most three years, they will grow, they will become crowded, and the flowers are chopped. If necessary, plants can be watered. In addition to small-bulb, in early September, it is necessary to plant large bulbs of the imperial grouse. For them, the depth of planting should be thirty-forty centimeters, depending on the size of the bulb.
At the same time, autumn blooming bulbs are planted: colchicum and autumn crocus. They will bloom in late September and will bloom until frost.
In mid-September comes the time for planting daffodils. Poetic daffodils were planted earlier than others, then daffodils of other species were planted. The landing depth is an average of 15 centimeters, for children – 7-10 centimeters. The distance between the bulbs is ten centimeters, for aunts 5-8 centimeters. For the convenience of planting, use a special spatula for planting bulbs with the small division.
You can plant tulips at the end of the month. They are planted to a depth of 12 centimeters, with a distance of 7-8 centimeters (for children, the landing depth is 7-10 cm, the distance is 5-7 cm).
Other September work is related to perennials, their preparation for winter.
First, and most important: during this period, it is necessary to stop all watering and top dressing (especially nitrogen-containing ones, including slurry and herbal tinctures). The plant must stop growing in order to give a new growth to wood. And the root system is to go away under the winter with strong, saturated moisture.
Therefore, we cut off the ground parts of faded plants, mulch the soil. The time to cover the plants has not yet come, but the shelters themselves (peat, leaf litter, lapnik, frameworks and covering material for roses and clematis) must be prepared in advance so that when the first frost sets in, we can quickly build “houses” for our sissies.
At this time, perennial flowers multiply by division. Plants blooming in the first half of summer are usually divided. A full-fledged divide must contain at least four kidneys of renewal. All old, rotten roots should be cut with a knife to a healthy part.
It is necessary to carefully observe the requirements of perennials for growing conditions (humidity, light, soil composition), so that the flower garden looks beautiful, and the plants feel comfortable. It is better to plant plants right away, given their size in adulthood, and if the flower garden in the first year will look too “empty”, plant annuals on empty seats.
September is a good time to plant clematis. In a previously prepared hole, carefully, so as not to damage the root system, place a seedling, deepening the root neck by about ten centimeters. The earth is well shed and mulched. Clematis needs shelter for the winter, so the place of planting with bricks or boards, so that later it would be more convenient to cover the plant.
At the end of the month, you need to dig up faded dahlias, gladiolus, montbretia. Peeled, processed and well-dried tubers and bulbs are laid in storage.