For the growth and development of various ornamental plants, the need for light and its quantity is also different. In relation to sunlight, plants can be divided into three large groups: photophilous, shade-resistant and shade-loving.
A lot of perennial and annual crops feel great where there is plenty of sunlight. If we talk about spring flowers, then the Arabs, phlox, kurtinka, aurinia, Aubrie, and Iberian are very fond of the sun. At the beginning of summer, irises of various colors, montbretia, large peonies, and daylilies bloom on a sun-drenched garden. In July, Liatris and echinacea light their candles. At the end of summer, asters, phloxes, and chrysanthemums will decorate the solar flowerbed with bright colors.
Many flowers that need plenty of sunlight delight people not only with bright colors but also with pleasant smells. At high temperatures and bright light, essential oils are especially effective. To enjoy pleasant smells, it is worth planting a Volzhanka, lavender, digitalis, cuff, drainage basin on a sunny flower bed. In the fall, they are successfully replaced by aconite and anemone.
Sun-loving plants do not need much moisture in the soil and air, so they can be hardly watered. But there are exceptions: phlox and peonies grow on moist soils, but do not like the stagnation of water. Most of the coastal-aquatic and aquatic plants, such as water lilies, egg capsules, and swamp iris, also love the bright sun.
And it is better to plant photophilous plants on sites from the southern and eastern sides.
Shade resistant plants
Half-shaded places prefer rhododendrons, boxwood, and yew. They are well suited for creating hedges or borders under trees and in the shade of buildings. But even in a very deep shadow, they develop worse, they can even stop blooming.
Plants loving the shade
Teneljubs are mostly decorative, thanks to the leaves. These are trilliums, ferns, bought, hosts, as well as ground cover – hoof, tenacity, pachysandra, which preserve decorativeness all year, thanks to wintering leaves.
Plants that love the shade, for the most part, prefer high humidity of air and soil. For their planting, you need to choose the western or northern part of the site, as well as those places that are in the shadow of buildings and trees. And they, like most ornamental plants, prefer light, necessarily humus-rich soils.