Autumn is leaving. It’s time to part with the garden, but not with your favorite flowers. For many, these are daffodils, the scattering of flowers of which is so attractive in spring. How to prolong winter communication with daffodils? How to make daffodils bloom at home when the window is snowing? How to prepare daffodils for distillation? Use the tips below.
The forcing of bulbous plants was mastered by many amateur gardeners. Large white and yellow flowers create a unique mood not only during the holiday but throughout the winter-spring period. With the right selection of varieties and preparation of bulbs, flowering plants can be obtained for the New Year and Christmas.
For this, the bulbs are dug up a week earlier than usual, when the roots begin to die out, and the leaves remain green. Bulbs are dried at a temperature of 2.5 degrees and sorted. For distillation, large ones with a diameter of 3-4 cm are selected for single and double apical bulbs weighing 70-90 g. For better flower bud formation, the bulbs are kept at 34 degrees and 14 days at 30 degrees for 4 days. Then stored at 17 degrees until the end of July. By this time, the formation of flower organs is completed in the bulb.
After processing with high temperatures, the bulbs are cooled to 9 degrees. Relative humidity should be 75% since high air humidity contributes to the early growth of roots, and with dry air, the mass of the bulbs decreases. Plants from the storehouse are transferred to the light no later than December 2-7. Additional lighting for daffodils during forcing is not required.
To plant the bulbs, use a light soil mixture made up of equal parts of leaf soil and compost, which is poured into boxes (18x60x40 cm) or pots (13-18 cm in diameter) with a layer of 10-12 cm. Evenly distributed bulbs (50-60 pcs. / box or 3-5 pcs. / pot) is slightly pressed into the mixture and sprinkled with it in such a way that the tops of the bulbs remain 1-2 cm free. After planting, moderate watering. To ensure constant and uniform moisture, sprinkle with river sand a layer of 5-6 cm from above.
The temperature of the distillation is maintained within 15-17 degrees with an air humidity of 70-80%. A higher temperature promotes accelerated growth of leaves, and at temperatures above 20 degrees, the development of peduncles is weakened. When flowers bloom, the temperature is lowered to 10-12 degrees. Peduncles cut with leaves in the phase of a colored bud.
Particular attention should be paid to the proper selection of varieties. For early distillation (by the New Year), varieties with a short cooling period (16 weeks) are used: Barrett Browning, Carlton, Flower Record, Golden Harvest, Ice Folis, Rustam Pasha.
After distillation, the boxes or pots with daffodils are installed in a dry, cold room, where the bulbs gradually dry out. In the spring they are selected from the ground and cleaned, after which they are planted on pre-prepared ridges. In the first year after distillation, they bloom poorly, good flowering occurs in the third year. In the third or fourth year after growing large bulbs are obtained, suitable for flowering in the off-season.
For flowering daffodils in February and early March, you can use smaller bulbs, which are dug in the usual time, dried at 20 degrees for two weeks. They are stored after digging at 17 degrees until the end of the formation of a flower bud (until September 1), and then at 9 degrees until planting in early November. Rooting and distillation are carried out in the same way as in the early stages.
For this flowering period, varieties with a cooling period of 16-17 weeks are selected. You can use varieties recommended for early distillation, as well as such as Eflame, Burma, Esther Moon, Mount Hood, Salome.